A balanced diet is a diet that contains carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, mineral salts and fibers in the correct proportions. proteins are important for growth and tissue repairs while, carbohydrates are used to provide energy for the body. Vitamins provides strong support to the immune system and helps to prevent the body against certain diseases like rickets, scurvy, pellagra, and beriberi. Mineral salts are used to build up bodies parts like bones and are also important to guide against diseases. Fats are important for storage of energy and used to lubricate the body and prevents the skin from getting too dry. Subcutaneous fat serve to regulate body temperature and without it we may freeze all the time.
Imbalanced diets have several side effects weather overdosed or under dosed.
Too much energy containing foods like carbohydrates leads to overweight. This happens when the body uses very little of what is taken in and the rest is converted to fats and stored for future use. In most cases with people suffering from overweight due to too much food, theses fats keep on accumulating because there is no time where the body needs to use up the reserves stored as fat.
Most of the body fat is deposited around the abdomen, hips, or neck. Abdominal fat is also know as intra-abdominal fat and is found in the peritoneal cavity parked between the internal organs. people with this condition present large stomach and are at high risk to hypertension, heart diseases, diabetes and insulin.
Fat can also be deposited within the muscles called intramuscular fat. Excess accumulation of this fat is associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
Body Fats can be burned out easily by constant excising. This is important in the sense that during exercise the body makes use of the accumulated fats to provide energy of the exercise. Therefore exercising and reducing food intake can be most effective because we consume more fat than we replace.
Therefore maintaining a balanced diet with enough exercise will help burn down the excess fat.