Understanding RDA and Body Mass Index


The recommended dietary allowance / recommended daily allowance is is defined as the average daily dietary intake level that is sufficient to meet the nutrient requirements of approximately 98 percent of healthy individuals.

The RDA for individuals will differ when taking into account the varying requirements of males, females and their relative ages. Most food packing will include the RDA along side its own nutritional content.

It is also evident that even the healthiest of individuals that have a severe surplus or deficit will develop a number of health issues. By keeping the required nutritional intake close to equilibrium, the body can operate at optimum levels.

For those with a deficiency, which is often the result of a poor diet or from the additional nutritional requirements from intense exercise, the use of health supplements (vitamins) and sports supplements in the most efficient means of regaining nutritional balance.

The use of a daily multivitamin or a whey protein supplement is now generally consumed by many individuals to easily combat the possibility of deficiency.

With 10 in 100 adults worldwide considered to be overweight, obesity has become a global epidemic. Obesity-related diseases such as stroke, heart attack, coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and type-2 diabetes account for nearly 10 million deaths every year all around the globe.

The body mass index is used to provide an estimate of healthy body weight based on an individuals height.

The calculation of BMI is defined as an individuals body weight divided by the square of their height and is widely used to generally categorised people as underweight, overweight or obese.

The Body mass index does however have limitations as it does not account for the difference between body fat percentage and lean muscle mass. For those with a large proportion of lean muscle, especially those that engage in intense activity and use sports supplements such as whey protein or weight gainers, the BMI may indicate that they may be overweight or unhealthy.

Generally, the body mass index is therefore only a tool to measure an average ideal weight for any given height. Alternative methods to provide more accurate means of indicating obesity have been developed such as the body volume index.

Recently, researchers have developed a new way to measure the body fat. The new obesity scale is offered due to the flaws of the BMI. For example, BMI calculation cannot be generalized across men and women, athletes and different ethnic groups.

BAI (Body Adiposity Index) focuses on height and hip measurements and calculates the ratio of hip circumference to height.


Source by Michael Hordern

Understanding Pruvit: Can You Really Make Money With Pruvit?


Pruvit was first registered in 2013 and offers a product line designed to help your body reach ketosis, giving you the ability to lose up to one pound per day, raise your IQ, and increase your energy. In addition to offering a product in which help your body enter ketosis, Pruvit also offers a business or income opportunity giving you the ability to make money from home marketing their product and company. First, what is ketosis exactly? Simply put, Ketosis is a condition your body is able to enter allowing you to burn fat rapidly and increases your metabolism. However, can you really make money marketing Pruvit’s company or their product?

The Thing: Most companies similar to Pruvit have a wide variety of products and many of them. However, Pruvit has only one product. They have based their entire company around this product and have scientifically worked to design this product to work to the best of its abilities.

  1. KETO//OS (Ketone Operating System) – This product is the sole of Pruvit’s product line. It’s essentially a drink mix with ketone energy technology designed to provide the body with macro nutrients giving your body the ability for cellular regeneration and stability along with enhancing the body of energy and focus and most importantly, burning fat and increasing your metabolism. You are able to get 15 servings of this drink mix for $85.00, being the minimum amount and price, and 75 servings for $350.00. You simply have to dissolve a pack of this product into cold water and shake it up insanely!

This product is supposed to do a good amount of things, here’s a few:

  • Provide rapid fat loss
  • Allow your body to passively gain strength
  • Allow your body better digestion
  • Increase your focus and energy
  • Allow you to enjoy better sleep
  • Provide your body with clearer, more healthy skin
  • Put you into a better mood overall
  • Increase brain activity

The Opportunity: In order to understand if people are able to actually make money from marketing Pruvit’s company or products, we have to take a look at their Compensation Plan. A compensation plan is simply how companies pay their members; every company in the entire world has one! Some pay minimum wage, others pay salary, and companies similar to Pruvit do it much differently.

There are around 5 different types of payouts that Pruvit offers in addition to 14 sub-payouts in each major type, such as Kick-Off Rewards(First 30 Days), Leadership Rewards, GamePlay Rewards, Partner Rewards, and Residual Rewards, we will examine only a few of the sub-payouts. I am going to try to keep this simple while still providing the information needed to know.

  1. Go Pro Bonus (Kick-Off Rewards) – Within your first 30 Days of being involved with Pruvit’s business or income opportunity you can receive a payout depending on your Personal Team Volume as well as your Team Volume. The higher those are, the more you get paid.
  2. Go Fast Bonus (GamePlay Rewards) – This payout is weekly, however, the promoter or distributor can apply for daily payouts as well provided they are experiencing great success. The Go Fast Bonus pays the enrolling or selling promoter for the first order place by other promoters of distributors that they have Personally enrolled.
  3. Dream Team Bonus (Leadership Rewards) – For members that have reached Rank 8, they have the ability to earn this annual bonus from other promoters/distributors’ that they have personally enrolled in which contribute to Team Volume. To keep it simple, if a promoter enrolls someone personally, and that someone contributes to Team Volume by purchasing product, the enrolling promoter gets a yearly payout. Keep in mind, in order to achieve this type of payout, you must reach rank 8. By the time you reach Rank 8, you will have much more than just one promoter in which you have personally enrolled, therefore, the payout could be quite enormous.

To Conclude, Yes, you Can make money by marketing the company Pruvit or their product.

The Cost: If you would like to get involved or affiliated with Pruvit’s business or income opportunity, you have to understand how much money that is going to take. Understand that this is a way for you to create a business all from home. If you were to create a Construction Company, you would need to pay a certain amount to get started. With that being said, don’t be discouraged to not join the company with that one reason alone. Opening a business requires money!

VIP Launch – In order to get affiliated with Pruvit and begin making money from home by marketing their company or products, you must purchase their VIP Launch Package for $350.00. If you become a VIP member of the company you will be able to get discounts on their product. For 15 Servings you will only pay $76.00 rather than the previous $85.00 and for the 75 Servings product you will only pay $133.00 rather than $350.00.

My Conclusion: Pruvit offers a product designed to strike your body into ketosis rather rapidly to increase your metabolism and burn fat. The product is unique but kind of pricey. They offer a business/income opportunity for those that would like to market their products or company. This opportunity has several different types of payouts and yes, you definitely Can make money from being successful by referring members into the business or by marketing their products and generating sales. The cost is pretty cheap, which makes sense. Most companies with a Start-Up cost are either cheap or expensive depending on how lucrative their compensation plan is. The compensation plan that Pruvit offers is nice but is going to require a good amount of work in order to start receiving huge payouts.

*Dustin Hale is NOT affiliated with Pruvit or their business/income opportunity


Source by Dustin Hale

Understanding the Difference Between Herbs and Probiotics


Herbs and probiotics sound very similar, just like two sides of a coin, but in reality they are two different entities, completely different from each other. The one common underlying factor uniting these two entities, is that they are forms of dietary supplements, there ends the similarity. Many people believe in the health benefits these categories offer. But then, it would be a wiser thing to know exactly how they differ from each other!


Herbs are shrubs which are primarily used in small quantities and offer a lot of health benefits. Each herb has a variety of uses. We can group herbs into two categories as follows:

  • Culinary herbs, as the name implies, these herbs are used to bring out flavor and taste in food and are used extensively as additives. They are nature’s flavoring agents, enhancing the quality of food, two most commonly used herbs are rosemary and sage, flavoring agents that bring out the substance in food. Since they are used in small quantities, they cannot be compared with vegetables. Vegetarians tend to use herbs and spices whilst cooking food, just to augment the quality of food, making it more appetizing and tastier. Spices are different from herbs, in it they are extracted from the non-leafy parts of a plant such as the root or the bark.
  • Medicinal herbs, also known as botanicals, are believed to offer health benefits, and are used for their therapeutic nature. There is a common belief amongst the masses that vitamin and mineral supplements enhance body immunity and help in protecting the body from diseases such as cancer and heart problems. In a similar vein, herbs are thought to be natural supplements offering therapeutic benefits. There are herbs which can provide medicinal and culinary benefits. For example, Ginger is a culinary herb which adds to the flavor of dishes such as soups. At the same time, Ginger is capable of relieving nausea and vomiting, has no side effects and can be used in small quantities even during pregnancy. According to the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, it is a very safe and an effective food supplement. What we are interested is not in the culinary aspects of a herb rather, we are interested in focusing on the therapeutic and medicinal benefits of their usage. Herbal supplements can be made from one single herb or can be an amalgamation of different herbs.

Some examples of commonly used, popular herbs are given below:

  • Black cohosh
  • Echinacea
  • Feverfew
  • Gingko
  • Kava

A complete catalog of commonly used, popular herbs along with information such as their common names, properties, benefits and side effects have been listed online for easy reference by the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine


There are plants, and then there are bacteria. Now, common perception is that all forms of bacteria are dangerous and are detrimental to health. But there are some forms of bacteria, which help in conditioning the body, improving health. These are the good guys, the friendly bacteria, much like Casper and are termed as probiotics.

The idea here is to introduce these microbes as supplements, either in the form of a powder or as a capsule, in our daily dietary intake, allowing them to condition the body, replenishing the stock of good bacteria that abound in our digestive system.

When you body is under siege, from unhealthy bacteria, you counter their effects by taking antibiotics. In this situation, the good ones naturally present in the intestines are undermined, and perish as a result of the medication.

You could use probiotics to restore the supply of naturally occurring microbes, heightening the functions of the intestines.Yeast and other such microbes also are categorized as probiotics. Lactobacillus bulgaricus or Streptococcus thermophilus, which might be used along with yogurt are active cultures of bacteria, which are human-friendly, and are used as supplements. For the treatment of diarrhea and irritable bowel syndrome, as well as prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections, treatment of eczema in children etc, Scientist find a ray of hope in probiotis. The benefits could possibly accrue through the placebo effect. While whole foods provide the necessary probiotics, they are also available if food stores. Yogurt, soymilk and other soy products such as miso and tempeh, kefir (a drinkable form of yogurt), and fermented milk (such as buttermilk) as well as fermented vegetables like sauerkraut and kimchi are probiotic storehouses. Yogurts that contain active cultures has to be purchased to get the real dose of friendly bacteria, hence make sure that the package contains the words “active cultures” or at least “probiotic” in their labels. You may also find the list of bacterial cultures in products like buttermilk.


Source by Shaz Mkenzy

Understanding The No Carb Diet


A no carb diet is different from a low carb diet. It is more intense because you’re allowed zero carbohydrate intake. There must be an alternative source of energy in your diet. Fat will be the main source, and protein is another backup. The bulk of your intake on a no carb diet will be cheese, fish, egg and meat.

The natural consequence of this is a ketogenic state as the fat consumed is converted into ketones. Oxidization of fat is not the regular setting of your metabolic processes which typically depend on carbohydrates. For this reason, a strict no carb diet should ideally be vetted by a physician, especially if you have any medical conditions which could make it dangerous to try.

To qualify for the category of zero carb diet, your total daily intake should not exceed 50 grams of carbohydrate. However, even when you eat more than that, there’s a chance that you’ll continue losing weight.

Preparing for a no carb diet

It’s hard to get started on such a strict dietary regimen without prior preparation. Give yourself time to prepare for it. Draw up a list of food items that are allowed. Don’t assume that because this is a tough diet, it won’t be delicious. There are many tasty items that can be eaten even on such a protocol.

Creativity is the key in enjoying your restricted diet. Be ready and willing to try out different new recipes and meal plans.

First, assess how many carb calories you are permitted to eat every day. This will depend on your weight loss goals and current body weight. You’ll quickly realize that eating fewer carbs changes and optimizes your body composition and proportion, leaving you in better metabolic health and with improved levels of health biomarkers.

The good news is that when you make sure your glucose and glycogen levels are enough to replenish cellular stores, you will not feel tired or weak even on a strictly carb restricted diet. Few dieters complain of fatigue, low energy or feeling dull mentally.

There is one caveat with very low carb diets. You cannot get enough calories if you’re an active person. Anyone who runs, jogs, skis or is active physically over prolonged durations can manage an adequate calorie intake without including carbs in the diet.

Under such circumstances, starving your body of carbohydrates can lead to tiredness, muscle aches, bone loss and reduced performance. That is not a desirable situation and your diet plan needs modification.


Source by Cumba Gowri

Understanding Ketosis in the Weight Loss Surgery High Protein Diet


Often when we hear about a diet that puts the body in a state of ketosis we are fearful having heard that ketosis is a potentially dangerous imbalance of blood glucose, the result of a low carbohydrate, high fat high protein diet. Ketosis results when the body switches from burning glucose for energy to burning ketones for energy. Glucose comes from carbohydrates which are the bodys first choice to metabolize for energy. Ketones are used for energy when there is not enough glucose (from carbohydrates) present in the bloodstream to use for energy.

Clinically stated, “Ketosis is a condition in which levels of ketones (ketone bodies) in the blood are elevated. Ketones are formed when glycogen stores in the liver have run out. The ketones are used for energy. Ketones are small carbon fragments that are fuel created by the breakdown of fat stores. Ketosis is potentially a serious condition if keytone levels go too high.”

Most patients of bariatric surgery are instructed to follow a high protein, low carbohydrate diet with a modest amount of fat. The body only needs proteins and fats for building and repairing tissue and cells, carbohydrates do not play a part in this metabolic function. Additionally, the body can get all its energy from fats and proteins. A ketogenic diet, which was first developed in the early 1900s, is a high-fat and low-carbohydrate diet. When following a ketogenic diet the body will switch from being a carb-burning machine to a fat-burning machine. As a result weight is lost.

Perhaps the best known ketonic diet is the Atkins plan in which ketosis is deliberately achieved by way of high fat high protein and low carbohydrate diet. According to the Atkins program proper monitoring via urine tests will keep ketosis within safe limits and the dieter can reach an ideal body weight without suffering unbearable hunger. Most weight loss surgery patients are discouraged from following an Atkins-type diet because of the high fat content. Surgery reduces the amount of gastric juice available for digestion and many patients do not tolerate high fat foods.

Speaking to the general population (not necessarily weight loss surgery patients) experts are divided regarding the health risk versus benefit of a ketogenic diet. Some experts say it is dangerous because if keytone levels are not properly monitored there may be a strain on the kidneys, and a significant loss of calcium excreted through urine may cause kidney stones or osteoporosis. Proponents of a ketogenic diet cite human evolution in their argument saying during most of the time that humans have existed we have been a hunter-gatherer species living in a ketogenic state for extended periods. Documented studies suggest that after a 2 to 4 week period of adaptation human physical endurance is not affected by ketosis. Some studies go so far to suggest that humans do not necessarily need a high carbohydrate intake in order to replace depleted glycogen stores for energy.

Patients of weight loss surgery should work closely with their bariatric center to develop a diet and lifestyle program specific to their condition of obesity and recovery. While many consider the primary goal of weight loss surgery to be weight loss to improve physical appearance, the higher goal is improved health, energy and longevity.


Source by Kaye Bailey

Ketogenic Diet Menu For The Beginner: Understanding SKD, TKD And CKD


If you have decided to lose weight this spring, then you might want to consider the Ketogenic diet. The diet has been around for a long time and was once used to treat patients with epileptic or seizure problems, especially among young kids. Nowadays, the diet has lost its popularity with the advent of prescription drugs that treat the health problem. The diet however is used by many dieters around the world because of its efficacy and although diets have its side effects, knowing about the diet and following the rules can help one lose weight without compromising their overall health.

Beginners especially should have a brief overview of the diet and the meal plan to help them make an informed decision should they decide to do the diet on their own. As always, those with health problems should consult their medical health provider so that they can help patients to adjust to the meal plan or to monitor them to ensure that the ketogenic therapy will not affect their health.

3 Types of Ketogenic Diets

Ketogenic diet is a high fat low carbohydrate diet with adequate protein thrown in the meal. It is further divided into three types and depending on one’s daily calorie needs, the percentage differs. Diets are often prepared on a ratio level such as 4:1 or 2:1 with the first number indicating the total fat amount in the diet compared to the protein and carbohydrate combined in each meal.

Standard – SKD

The first diet is the Standard or the SKD and is designed for individuals who are not active or lead a sedentary lifestyle. The meal plan limits the dieter to eat a net of 20-50 grams of carbohydrates. Fruits or vegetables that are starchy are restricted from the diet. In order for the diet to be effective, one must strictly follow the meal plan. Butter, vegetable oil and heavy creams are used heavily to replace carbohydrates in the diet.

Targeted – TKD

The TKD is less strict than the SKD and allows one to consume carbohydrates though only in a certain portion or amount which will not impact the ketosis that one is currently in. The TKD diet helps dieters that perform some level of exercise or workout.

Cyclical – CKD

The CKD is preferable for those who are into weight training or do intensive exercises and not for beginners as it requires the person undergoing the diet to stick to a SKD meal plan for the five days in a week’s time and eating/loading up on carbohydrates on the next two days. It is important that dieters follow the strict regimen to ensure that their diet is successful.

These are just a brief overview of the ketogenic diet and hopefully would help one decide if they are interested in the diet. For an in-depth discussion of the benefit and effects of the diet plan, it is best to consult your medical health provider.


Source by Kris Mack